Status of Palestine In UN

  • Membership Application (S/2011/592)

Letter received on 23 September 2011 from the President of Palestine to the Secretary-General Application of the State of Palestine for admission to membership in the United Nations

I have the profound honour, on behalf of the Palestinian people, to submit this application of the State of Palestine for admission to membership in the United Nations.

This application for membership is being submitted based on the Palestinian people’s natural, legal and historic rights and based on United Nations General Assembly resolution 181 (II) of 29 November 1947 as well as the Declaration of Independence of the State of Palestine of 15 November 1988 and the acknowledgement by the General Assembly of this Declaration in resolution 43/177 of 15 December 1988.

In this connection, the State of Palestine affirms its commitment to the achievement of a just, lasting and comprehensive resolution of the Israeli-Palestinian conflict based on the vision of two-States living side by side in peace and security, as endorsed by the United Nations Security Council and General Assembly and the international community as a whole and based on international law and all relevant United Nations resolutions.

For the purpose of this application for admission, a declaration made pursuant to rule 58 of the provisional rules of procedure of the Security Council and rule 134 of the rules of procedure of the General Assembly is appended to this letter (see enclosure).

I should be grateful if you would transmit this letter of application and the declaration to the Presidents of the Security Council and the General Assembly as soon as possible.

 

(Signed) Mahmoud Abbas

President of the State of Palestine

Chairman of the Executive Committee of the

Palestine Liberation Organization

 

 

  • Declaration

In connection with the application of the State of Palestine for admission to membership in the United Nations, I have the honour, in my capacity as the President of the State of Palestine and as the Chairman of the Executive Committee of the Palestine Liberation Organization, the sole legitimate representative of the Palestinian people, to solemnly declare that the State of Palestine is a peace-loving nation and that it accepts the obligations contained in the Charter of the United Nations and solemnly undertakes to fulfill them.

 

(Signed) Mahmoud Abbas

President of the State of Palestine

Chairman of the Executive Committee of the

Palestine Liberation Organization

 

 

 

 

 

  • Letter dated 23 September 2011 from the President of Palestine to the Secretary-General

After decades of displacement, dispossession and the foreign military occupation of my people and with the successful culmination of our State-building program, which has been endorsed by the international community, including the Quartet of the Middle East Peace Process, it is with great pride and honour that I have submitted to you an application for the admission of the State of Palestine to full membership in the United Nations.

On 15 November 1988, the Palestine National Council (PNC) declared the Statehood of Palestine in exercise of the Palestinian people’s inalienable right to self-determination. The Declaration of Independence of the State of Palestine was acknowledged by the United Nations General Assembly in resolution 43/177 of 15 December 1988. The right of the Palestinian people to self-determination and independence and the vision of a two-State solution to the Israeli-Palestinian conflict have been firmly established by General Assembly in numerous resolutions, including, inter alia, resolutions 181 (II) (1947), 3236 (XXIX) (1974), 2649 (XXV) (1970), 2672 (XXV) (1970), 65/16 (2010) and 65/202 (2010) as well as by United Nations Security Council resolutions 242 (1967), 338 (1973) and 1397 (2002) and by the International Court of Justice Advisory Opinion of 9 July 2004 (on the Legal Consequences of the Construction of a Wall in the Occupied Palestinian Territory). Furthermore, the vast majority of the international community has stood in support of our inalienable rights as a people, including to statehood, by according bilateral recognition to the State of Palestine on the basis of the 4 June 1967 borders, with East Jerusalem as its capital, and the number of such recognitions continues to rise with each passing day.

Palestine’s application for membership is made consistent with the rights of the Palestine refugees in accordance with international law and the relevant United Nations resolutions, including General Assembly resolution 194 (III) (1948), and with the status of the Palestine Liberation Organization (PLO) as the sole legitimate representative of the Palestinian people.

The Palestinian leadership reaffirms the historic commitment of the Palestine Liberation Organization of 9 September 1993. Further, the Palestinian leadership stands committed to resume negotiations on all final status issues — Jerusalem, the Palestine refugees, settlements, borders, security and water — on the basis of the internationally endorsed terms of reference, including the relevant United Nations resolutions, the Madrid principles, including the principle of land for peace, the Arab Peace Initiative and the Quartet Roadmap, which specifically requires a freeze of all Israeli settlement activities.

At this juncture, we appeal to the United Nations to recall the instructions contained in General Assembly resolution 181 (II) (1947) and that “sympathetic consideration” be given to application of the State of Palestine for admission to the United Nations.

Accordingly, I have had the honour to present to Your Excellency the application of the State of Palestine to be a full member of the United Nations as well as a declaration made pursuant to rule 58 of the provisional rules of procedure of the Security Council and rule 134 of the rules of procedure of the General Assembly. I respectfully request that this letter be conveyed to the Security Council and the General Assembly without delay.

 

(Signed) Mahmoud Abbas

President of the State of Palestine

Chairman of the Executive Committee of the

Palestine Liberation Organization

 

 

  • UN Related Articles
  • UN confirms receipt of Palestinian applications to join global conventions, treaties

2 April 2014 – The United Nations confirmed today that Palestinian Authority officials have presented letters for accession to 15 international conventions and treaties.

UN spokesperson Farhan Haq told reporters that the documents had been presented to Robert Serry, the UN Special Coordinator for the Middle East Peace Process. “Once we receive the letters at Headquarters, we will be reviewing them to consider the appropriate next steps,” Mr. Haq said.

He added that the Palestinian leadership, including President Mahmoud Abbas upon signing the accession letters on Monday night, has repeatedly emphasized that it wants to continue the negotiations with Israel that resumed in July 2013 under United States auspices.

“We hope that a way can be found to see negotiations through until the scheduled end of the nine-month timeframe set to expire on 29 April. The goal remains to arrive at a substantive basis for negotiations towards a comprehensive peace agreement on all final status issues.”

Mr. Haq went on to say that the UN is in contact with the sides to emphasize the need to manage current developments responsibly and act with restraint.

In that regard, Mr. Serry met with the chief Palestinian negotiator, Saeb Erekat, and the Minister of Foreign Affairs, Riyad Malki, this morning. He also met with Israeli negotiator and Minister of Justice Tzipi Livni.

“A constructive approach from all sides is extremely important to preserve the prospects to arrive at a peace agreement and salvage the two-State solution,” said Mr. Haq, adding that envoys representing the diplomatic Quartet on the Middle East peace process have also spoken today by telephone.

The UN treaties and conventions, as well as the four Geneva Conventions and The Hague Convention (IV) respecting the Laws and Customs of War (accession letters were submitted to the Swiss and Dutch Representatives to the Palestinian Authority) can be found here.

At a press conference in New York, Palestinian Ambassador to the UN Riyad Mansour said that, at the request of his Government, he had delivered copies of the 15 letters to the Secretary-General’s Chef de Cabinet, Susana Malcorra. The Palestinian Authority expected the documents would be subsequently transmitted to the UN Office for Legal Affairs (OLA).

“Palestine is exercising its legal right as a State to join those instruments and live up to its international responsibility,” said Mr. Mansour, recalling the November 2012 General Assembly vote according Palestine the status of non-member observer State at the UN.

“We are proud of this and consider it a step by our President to consolidate and strengthen the pillars of the State of Palestine in the international system,” he added, referring to the applications.

Mr. Mansour went on to thank those assisting the Israeli-Palestinian political process, including US Secretary of State John Kerry. The Palestinian side, he said, will continue to participate in the process towards ending the occupations and realizing the aims of the two-state solution.

“We are ready to negotiate in good faith with Israel to put an end to this indignity,” he added.

Responding to questions regarding the impact of this decision on the peace process, particularly regarding the confidence-building measures agreed by both sides, Mr. Mansour said: “We do not believe what we have done violates anything.”

According to media reports, under the terms paving the way for the current round of talks between the two sides, Israel was to release some 100 Palestinian prisoners in four phases, and the Palestinians were to refrain from taking action in the international arena.

Mr. Mansour said that the Palestinian leadership had been ready and willing to keep this [latest] exercise on hold as long as Israel had lived up to its pledge to release the next group of Palestinian prisoners.

“But Israel did not honour its part of the agreement and when that happened, we were free to do whatever we feel we need to do. In any case, it was our right after the adoption of the [General] Assembly resolution,” he declared.

As to whether the submission of letters to join the international treaties could be considered a “provocation,” he said it was Israel that had violated the agreement with regards to prisoner releases. “We are not looking for a confrontation with anyone. We are exercising our right and we will not be apologetic about that. We are only responsible to the Palestinian people.”

http://www.un.org/apps/news/story.asp?NewsID=47490#.VfFbdf7ouUl

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